Eland 90

Crew 3
Main Armament 1 × 90mm low pressure gun
Secondary Armament 1 × 7.62mm co-axial MG
1 × 7.62mm GPMG on commander’s cupola
4 × 81mm smoke grenade launchers
Ammunition 29 90mm rounds stored in the turret and hull
24000 rounds 7.62mm
Combat Mass 6 ton
Hull length 4.04m
Length 5.12m (with gun forward)
Width 2.015m
Height 2.5m
Engine 2.5 litre four cylinder petrol
Power output 112kW
Fuel 142 litres
Road Speed 90km/h
Off Road Speed 30km/h
Road Range 450km
Off Road Range 240km
Gradient 23º
Step 0.3m
Trench 0.5m
Ford 0.615m


The Eland was developed from the French Panard AML 90 light reconnaissance vehicle which was produced under license in South Africa. Since it being taken into use by the South African Army in the early 1960s the vehicle has been incrementally improved. In the latest Mk7 configuration a new engine in a power pack configuration and transmission has been fitted. Other changes include a new turret and a lengthened hull to accommodate the South African soldiers’ longer legs.

Although the vehicle, as previously stated, was intended to serve as a light reconnaissance vehicle, the South Africans employed it as an assault gun in support of the armoured assault columns striking at Swapo base camps during the Border War. It was also used to tackle the T34 tanks deployed at later stages by Swapo at these camps. In this role the vehicle performed exceptionally well.

Age has however, despite the continuous updates, caught up with this venerable vehicle and it has since the end of the war been withdrawn from service to be replaced with the more advanced Rooikat.

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